(The event reported is Arthur Eddington's test of Einstein's theory of general relativity.)"The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog" A mixed-case style in which the first word of the sentence is capitalised, as well as proper nouns and other words as required by a more specific rule.This is generally equivalent to the baseline universal standard of formal English orthography."The Quick Brown Fox Jumps over the Lazy Dog" A mixed-case style with all words capitalised, except for certain subsets (particularly articles and short prepositions and conjunctions) defined by rules that are not universally standardised.In some traditional forms of poetry, capitalisation has conventionally been used as a marker to indicate the beginning of a line of verse independent of any grammatical feature. For example, in German all nouns are capitalised (this was previously common in English as well), while in Romance and most other European languages the names of the days of the week, the names of the months, and adjectives of nationality, religion and so on normally begin with a lower-case letter.
In scripts with a case distinction, lower case is generally used for the majority of text; capitals are used for capitalisation and emphasis.
Acronyms (and particularly initialisms) are often written in all-caps, depending on various factors.
The choice of case is often prescribed by the grammar of a language or by the conventions of a particular discipline.
In orthography, the upper case is primarily reserved for special purposes, such as the first letter of a sentence or of a proper noun, which makes the lower case the more common variant in regular text.
Capitalisation is the writing of a word with its first letter in uppercase and the remaining letters in lowercase.
Capitalisation rules vary by language and are often quite complex, but in most modern languages that have capitalisation, the first word of every sentence is capitalised, as are all proper nouns. text), is universally standardised for formal writing.
Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain languages.
The writing systems that distinguish between the upper and lower case have two parallel sets of letters, with each letter in one set usually having an equivalent in the other set.
Other bicameral scripts, which are not used for any modern languages, are Old Hungarian, Glagolitic, and Deseret.
The Georgian alphabet has several variants, and there were attempts to use them as different cases, but the modern written Georgian language does not distinguish case.
In some contexts, it is conventional to use one case only.